The Minoan civilization was the first great European civilization; during the Bronze age located near the Aegean sea. Also known as modern day Santorini. They are the ancestors to modern Persia. The Minoans were destroyed by a tsunami wave followed by a large volcanic eruption around 1627 BCE on the Island of Thera.
The Romans copied Greeks and adapted it for their own purposes; Roman art mainly had a political purpose. Greek idealism became Roman Realism. Using graphite pencil on Bristol paper, students will redraw the “Marble Bust of a Man” as accurately as possible. Students will understand the formal composition from studying the human qualities of the marble bust.
Medieval and Gothic Art came to the western world for 1000 years. Within Europe, Middle East and North Africa. It includes major art movements and periods, genres, the artists crafts, and the artists themselves.
Time: 400 -1300 AD
Medieval Art had different types of movements: Byzantine, Islamic, Viking, Celtic, Carolingian, Romanesque and Gothic.
Baroque period is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, music, dance, painting, sculpture and other arts that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the 18th. Iconography was in the service to the Catholic Church. An increasingly secular society based on trade and commerce. The aristocracy viewed the dramatic style of Baroque art and architecture as a means of impressing visitors by projecting triumph, power, and control.
Periods: Early 1500’s, Baroque 1600’s and Rococo 1700’s.
Landscape painting refers to an artistic genre defined by a focus on natural scenery as subject matter; depicting a variety of settings, such as mountains, forests, rivers, and beaches. Creating a landscape is a very rich experience enabling you to understand your surroundings better, building a deeper connection with your environment.
Students will examine their own photographs as a reference and explore more expressive drawing techniques working with colored pencils to create a naturalistic landscape.
Postwar European Art: Though necessarily broad, in general this group of artists attempted to re-establish identity and cope with the trauma of the war, the onset of the Cold War, and the shift in the art world center from New York to Paris. Pop art is an art movement that emerged in the mid-1950s in Britain and the late 1950s in the United States. Pop art presented a challenge to traditions of fine art by including imagery from popular culture such as advertising and news.
Theme/Style - How does the style of the work (and/or works of art) have an impact towards your first impression, or has it changed? Interests-Why should the audience, be interested in the works presented. Is the work significant enough in terms of its value of what art is? Functional/Purpose- Describe the iconography or symbolism behind the work. What sort of political, social or economic contexts does the work fall into? Visual Analysis- Describe what the work visually looks like? Think about elements of visual art like scale, composition, pictorial space, form, line, color, light, tone, texture, pattern, etc.
Constantine moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantium in 323, later called Constantinople, then Istanbul The artist appropriated the Classical style and Roman Imperial Imagery for Christian iconography.
Christian imagery in Italy was based on the sub-antique style and was intended for the masses.
The Renaissance, the French word for rebirth, marks the period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the Modern world. It represents a cultural rebirth from the 14th through the middle of the 17th centuries. The Medici Family were great patrons of the arts and of classical learning in Florence, they were the most powerful rulers during the Renaissance, mainly bankers.
The French Academy was established in 1648 to achieve the highest quality in all the arts. The Idea of an educated artist was formalized under the Louis XIV in 1648. Divided along classical-baroque and line color differences, which were not only aesthetic but also political. Rococo art is an exceptionally ornamental and theatrical style of decoration which combines asymmetry, scrolling curves, gilding, white and pastel colors to create the illusions of surprise, motion and drama. Neoclassicism: started from 1750 to 1820, given to Western movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that draw inspiration from the "classical" art and culture of Ancient Greece or Ancient Rome.
Fauvism: the first twentieth-century movement in modern art. The Fauves meaning "wild beasts”, were a loosely allied group of French painters with shared interests. Cubism: was the first abstract style of modern art. A Cubist painting ignores the traditions of perspective drawing and shows you many views of a subject at one time.
Futurism: was an artistic and social movement that originated in Italy in the early 20th century. It emphasized speed, noise, technology, violence. Objects such as vehicle and the industrial city. Dada: was an art movement formed during the First World War in Zurich in negative reaction to the horrors and folly of the war. The art, poetry and performance produced by dada artists is often satirical and nonsensical in nature, an anti-art movement, was coined by Marcel Duchamp around 1913 when he created his first ready-mades.
Feministart movement refers to the efforts and accomplishments of feminists internationally to produce art that reflects women's lives and experiences, as well as to change the foundation for the production and reception of contemporary art. Identity is the way we perceive and express ourselves. Photorealism is a genre of art that encompasses painting, drawing and other graphic media, in which an artist studies a photograph and then attempts to reproduce the image as realistically as possible in another medium.
Using Egyptian hieroglyphics symbols from the graph provided below, students will begin to create a personal letter by using graphite pencil on Bristol paper. Students will investigate each symbol and/or letters beyond its literal meaning, try to think about what each individual symbol could mean and how we can read each image from your letters.
Atrium: an open-roofed entrance hall or central court in an ancient Roman house. Linear Perspective: a type of perspective used by artists, in which the relative size, shape, and position of objects is determined by drawn or imagined lines converging at a point on the horizon. Mosaic: A mosaic is a piece of art or image made from the assemblage of small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials. It is often used in decorative art or as interior decoration.
Islamic art is not art of a specific religion, time, place, or of a single medium. Instead it spans some 1400 years, covers many lands and populations, and includes a range of artistic fields including architecture, calligraphy, painting, glass, ceramics, and textiles.
Linear perspective is a system of creating an illusion of depth on a flat surface. All parallel lines, also known as orthogonals, in a painting or drawing using this system converge in a single vanishing point on the composition’s horizon line.
What is Modern Art?: The birth of modernism and modern art can be traced to the Industrial Revolution. This period of rapid changes in manufacturing, transportation, and technology began around the mid-18th century and lasted through the 19th century, profoundly affecting the social, economic, and cultural conditions of life in Western Europe, North America, and eventually the world.
Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings. The aim was to "resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality”. Abstract Expressionism is a post World War 2 art movement in American painting, developed in New York in the 1940’s. As the term suggests, their work was characterized by non-objective imagery that appeared emotionally charged with personal meaning.
Conceptual Art, sometimes simply called conceptualism, is art in which the concepts or ideas involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic, technical, and material concerns. Contemporary Art: is the art created today, produced in the late 20th century or in the 21st century. Contemporary artists work in a globally influenced, culturally diverse, and technologically advancing world. Their art is a dynamic combination of materials, methods, concepts, and subjects that challenge traditional boundaries and defy easy definition.